The Relevance and Scope of Active Community Engagement In Teaching-Learning Process

The broader community and the parents play an important role in supporting successful learning results for the children. This kind of framework is on schools engaging with the communities and parents to work together to exploit students learning results. Most of the results said the significant partnerships are those where parents, students, schools, and the community work together to focus the student learning. Community and parent engagement which is efficiently focused on the student learning which can deliver powerful results. This type of community and parent engagement framework identifies what schools can do to reinforce learning results for the students-via effective partnership between teachers, students, principals, community and the parent. It will sends a call to the action to the schools to focus the parent and the community engagement as a main part of supporting the students learning. Many of the schools already have developed efficient strategies to engage with the community and the parent, so with the outstanding evidence that the parent engagement have a positive effect about the achievement of the student, all state schools are confident to build up their approach in this area. Queensland have different range of communities and it is very significant to acknowledge that each of the school has its own contexts in which they react. A variety of contexts may apply including high proportions of working parents, remote locations, recent disaster, and the community events. Because of this reason, it is very necessary that the schools individualise the engagement strategies to match the particular wants and those of the communities and the parents. This framework will uses the current best practice to give a model to support the partners in the quest to enhance the community and the parent engagement. Presentation The education of our understudies is a common obligation, profiting all understudies, our general public and economy in general. Subsequently, guardians and groups that are more extensive have a corresponding obligation to draw in with schools. Schools are good able to support the achievement of the students by strong engagement with and between:

  • Students
  • Teachers
  • Parents and carers
  • Support Staff
  • Community, business and industry groups

1. The scope of Teaching-Learning process in Professional Growth, Changing Attitude and Innovative Thinking


The term creativity can be defined as the procedure of producing something which is both worthwhile and original. Creativity is all about to find out new ways for solving problems and how to approach the situations. If you need to boost your creativity, you can follow the following tips:

Commit yourself to develop your creativity
The beginning step is to completely devote yourself to making your creative abilities, don’t put off the efforts. Set objectives, list the help from others and place time aside of each day to make the skills.

Become and Expert
One of the good ways to make creativity is to become an expert in that area. If you having high understanding of the subject, you will be good able to think about novel or any of innovative solutions to issues.

Reward your curiosity
One of the normal barrier to making creativity is the intellect that curiosity is a pleasure. Rather than lecturing yourself, reward yourself if you are curious on something. Provide yourself the way to explore new subjects. If rewarding yourself is significant, it is also significant to make basic motivation. Sometimes, the right reward of creativity is the procedure itself but not the product.

Be willing to Take risks
If it comes to making your creative skills, you have to be willing to take risks in order to improve the abilities. If your attempts may not lead to success every time, you will still improving the creative talents and developing skills, which will serve you in the coming future.

Build your Confidence
Insecurity in your capacities can suppress creativity, which is the reason it is essential to assemble certainty. Gain note of the ground you have made, recognize your endeavours, and dependably be watchful for approaches to compensate your imagination.

Make time for Creativity
You will not be able to make your creative ideas when you don’t make time for them. So have to schedule time in each week to concentrate on some of the types of creative projects.

Overcome negative Attitude that block Creativity
Some of the study shows that the positive moods can improve the ability to think creatively. If you are doing anything which requires you be in a think tank or be creative, you have to be in a place with good mind. Focus on avoiding negative thoughts or any self-criticism, which may damage the ability to make strong creative skills.

Fight your fear of Failure
The fear that you should make a fail or mistake in your attempts can paralyse the progress. When you find out yourself harbouring such feelings, remind you that mistakes are normally part of the procedure. If you may irregularly stumble on the path to creativity, you will finally reach the objectives.

Brainstorm to Inspire new Ideas
Conceptualizing is a typical system in both professional and academic settings, yet it can likewise be an effective apparatus for building up your creativity. Begin by suspending your judgment and self-feedback, at that point begin writing related thoughts and conceivable arrangements. The objective is to create however many thoughts as could be allowed in a generally limited capacity to focus time. Next, concentrate on clearing up and refining your thoughts so long as to land at the most ideal decision.

2. The relevance Teaching-learning process in Educational technology and its effectiveness


The main use of technology is to improve students to learn well through increasing their engagements in the activities of education. Technology is not having expensive gadgets or iPads, it is on the learning process. Technologies have to improve the learning procedure and plan at increasing students grades. Essay writing service reviews sometimes act like a technology for solving the academic assignments.

Previously, technology in education was an arguable subject in the society. Most of them had their own ideas on improving education and making the technology oriented. There were a large number of negatives and positives to education technology. However, slowly as the educational institutes squeezed technology, they understand the significance of technology in education. Education and technology are good combination is used together with a correct vision and reason.

The following are some of the ways in which the technology helps to improve education over the time.

  • Teachers can work together to share the ideas and resources via online: they can talk with others across the world for an instant, meet the deficiencies of the work, purify it and give the students with the best. This approach really improves the practice of teaching.
  • Students can improve valuable research skills at a young age: technology provides students quick access to an plenty of good information which will leads to studying at much easier rates than before.
  • Teachers and Students have access to an region of material: There are number of credible and resourceful websites are available in the internet and both students and teachers can use. The internet will also gives a number of knowledge and does not limit the students to the opinion of one person.
  • Online learning is now an uniformly credible choice: Face to face communication is huge, particularly in the younger years, but some of the students work good if they can go at their own speed. Online education is now credited and has altered the way that we see education
  • Long term research suggestive of the positives of technology in education: Researchers has been executed to address to the query, does the use of computer technology will affect the student success in traditional classrooms as compared to the classroom which does not use any technology. A wide literature search and systematic review procedure were engaged and insights on the state of the field, suggestions for technology use, and prospects for the future that discussed.
  • Educational technology enhances student learning results: Proof suggests that the educational technologies can enhance the student success, as long as such tools are included thoughtfully in to learning and teaching. If digital capabilities like, online environments are integrated meaningfully to the education, students have new chances to learn and accomplish.
  • The effect of technology about education is based on the design of education:The design of the education accounts for more difference in how and why people study than the technology used to bring the education. Educational researchers and educators should be confident to focus on finding how to better integrate the use of provided technology to ease the technology, rather than speaking if it works or if one is more efficient than other.

3.The mechanism of Feedback devices and how it alters performance within teaching-learning


The art of teaching is a complex procedure, which is not controlled to transferring the knowledge from one to other. It needs a good non-verbal and verbal skills. In contains number of methods in order to transfer the knowledge efficiently. Everyone can’t to master it. With the huge growth in all of the sectors, efficient teaching skills are in good demand. Therefore, due to this, the concept of microteaching arrives into action. It is a latest innovative program for the teachers, which will improve the classroom behaviour and attitude. Many of the pre-primary education institutes have brought up micro teaching practices for equip the teachers with efficient way of teaching.

Principles of microteaching:

Microteaching has certain principles to enhance its reach around all of the teachers:

  • One Skill at One time: The skills in microteaching will target one at time. Training one specific skill which are given until it is mastered. Once it mastered, other skills is targeted as the next. Therefore, microteaching looks for one skills at one time.
  • Small Scale Content:Controlling the content provides more freedom and makes it ease to the trainees. So microteaching is fully based on the principle of restricted content. Teachers have to prepare their lesson within the specified content; therefore it will become easier for them to perform the lessons.
  • Practice makes a man perfect:Practice required for mastering skills. When focusing about one skills at one time, micro teaching program will also gives a way to practice the skills. Number of practice can improve the self-confidence and encourage in development of teaching skills.
  • Experiments:Experiments are the key elements in any concept. In micro teaching, many of the experiments are arranged in order to test the teachers skills. As an example, the supervisor makes experiments where the time duration, length of the lessons, strength of the students etc is altered. These types of skills are tested under the controlled condition.
  • Instantaneous feedback:Microteaching includes student-teacher and supervisor as students. Once a chapter ends, student-teacher and supervisor give up with the feedback. This feedback is instantly given after the chapter plan finish. Therefore, it helps to rectifying the drawbacks.
  • Self evaluation opportunities:Evaluation plays a vital role in any of the tasks. In micro teaching, the supervisor make number of test and thus there are number of chances to analyze the mistakes. Evaluation provides an opportunity to know the mistake and so overcome it. This program contains a session in which the drawbacks are noticed along with the solution. So overall enhancement become an easy target.
  • Continuous Effort:Mastering and acquiring skills is an ongoing and slow process. After mastering the skills, one must repeatedly struggle for betterment. Continuous efforts make it easy to achieve overall development.

4.Theories of learning and intelligence within teaching-learning and overall scientific organization to education


Learning can be defined as a process which brings together environmental and personal experiences and influences for enriching, acquiring or modifying anyone’s knowledge, values, skills, behaviour, attitude and views of world. Learning theories will create hypothesis, which defines how this procedure will takes place. The scientific study of learning begins in earnest at the starting of 20th century. The main theories and concepts of learning includes behaviourist theories, constructivism, cognitive psychology, experimental learning, social constructivism, situated learning theory and community of practice and multiple intelligence.

Behaviourism
The theorist of behaviourism believe that the knowledge exist separately and outside of people. They see the learner as a blank state that should be provided the experience. The behaviourists believe that learning is actually occurs if new behaviour or alters in changes in behaviour are acquired via associations between responses and stimuli. Thus, association leads to the change in behaviour.

The learning procedure is based on impartially observable changes in behaviour. The theorists describe learning simply as the gaining of a change in behaviour or new behaviour. The theory is that learning starts when a stimulus or cue from the environment is obtainable and the learner responds to the stimulus with some kind of responses. The results that reinforce the wanted behaviour and which arranged to follow the needed behaviour. The new behavioural example can be rehashed so it ends up plainly programmed. The adjustment in conduct of the student means that learning has happened. Teachers utilize Behaviourism when they compensate or punish student behaviours.

Cognitivism
Cognitive information procedure is based on the thought procedure behind the behaviour. The theory is based on the idea which human process the information they receive, rather than imply responding to stimuli. The changes in behaviour are experiential, but only as a pointer to what are carrying in the head of the learner. The mind of the learner is like a mirror from which new skills and knowledge will be reflected.

The theorists of cognitive learning believe that the learning occurs via internal processing of information. Not at all like behaviourism, subjective data handling is represented by an inward procedure instead of by outside condition. The psychological way to deal with learning hypothesis gives careful consideration to what goes ahead inside the student's head and concentrates on mental procedures as opposed to detectable conduct. Changes in conduct are watched, and utilized as pointers with reference to what is going on inside the student's brain.

Constructivism
Constructivism depends on the start that we as a whole develop our own particular point of view of the world, in light of individual encounters and interior information. Learning depends on how the individual deciphers and makes the significance of his or her encounters. The student develops information and since everybody has an alternate arrangement of encounters and recognitions, learning is one of a kind and distinctive for every individual.

5.The requirement of Teaching-Learning process in each and every aspect of Educational Technology


As you know, in today’s society the technology has become one of the parts of our everyday lives. In education also we can see the changes by using technology. So here, we are going to discuss about how technology influence education in this modern era.

Supplemental Teaching Tool
Not only the apps, tablets, interactive whiteboards and video be the learning tools for the students, but there will be additional teaching tools for the educators. A survey of pre-K-12 teachers found that how and what are the kinds of technology that the teachers are using in the classrooms as well as the whole attitudes towards technology. Three quarters of the teachers survey expressed a positive thought for educational technology, saying that the technology helps them in expanding and reinforcing on the content. After many years of teaching, the similar or same lesson plans, and it will be challenging to keep the students engaged and show interest while you are presenting the lessons. Video clips, interactive presentation tools, audio visual elements and graphics are the quite simple way to keep the students actively busy with the lessons as such as a means to keep the lesson as fresh. Sometimes the technology can acts as an essay writing service reviews for the successful completion of the writing assignments.

Motivate Students to learn

Most of the students are more inspired and are apt to learn when they can cooperate with hands-on learning tools, which different forms of educational technology give. A fifth grade teacher was estimated in an educational article saying that Technology is the final carrot for students. It is something they need to master. Learning to use it improves their self-esteem and makes them agreed on coming to school. Technology in the classroom allocates students to take good control of their education, since tools like laptops and tablets supports interactive hands on learning.

Students can learn at their own speed
It is basic; no kid is the same. Each understudy learns at his or her own pace. There are numerous ways that coordinating innovation into the classroom can enable understudies to learn at a rate that is agreeable to them, and that enables them to hold data. For instance, in-classroom lessons or exercises on portable workstations or tablets enable understudies to peruse bearings, process data and finish work at their own pace. This additionally helps free up the educator's opportunity so they can give understudies who may require additional direction or help the consideration they require. Sometimes the students have to choose the essay writing service reviews site for completing the activities as fast.

Extra Resources for students
Search engine, portable technologies, Educational apps, videos and interactive activities give students with a nearly endless supply of data and resources. Use of the educational technologies including but not limited to, the following tools supports for learning:

  • Educational apps
  • Online lesson plan
  • Online video and graphics
  • Interactive games
  • Accessing articles and books via tablets and e-readers

Prepare Children for future
The learning students do in school sets them up for the future, and therefore it is vital to join innovation in the classroom. Throughout the years, innovation has developed massively and will keep on doing so. Those progressions ought to be parallel with educators' lesson designs and learning methods of kids and classrooms. It's essential to take note of that costly classroom innovation arrangements don't generally bring about powerful educating and learning. Basic arrangements can prompt persuasive educating, which can clearly affect learning. By figuring out how to utilize innovation in the classroom at a youthful age, youngsters are building up the aptitudes and information that is fundamental now. Essay writing service reviews also plays an important role as the technology in education. So you can use any of the essay writing service reviews for completing the academic assignments if you have to score good marks.

6. The future Relevance and scope of teaching learning process in different aspects of education.

The old ways teaching and learning is found to be too inflexible and too outdated. Now, teaching learning process includes the following process:

  • Assessment
  • Planning
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation
It is a method for judging and monitoring the overall quality of teaching and learning based on data, objective, and scientific criteria. And effective teacher plan for the educational experience for promoting the student learning using the common elements such as:
  • Create Learning outcomes to direct course planning
  • Relate the outcomes to the students problem solving, acquisition of knowledge, critical thinking values and skills etc.
  • By using these outcomes to select the appropriate learning and teaching methods and educational technologies.

Learning Outcomes
Learning outcomes are the core to the learning and teaching process. Creating learning outcomes is the beginning critical step in planning the course as they set the direction for the whole learning process. The will frame the content that have to learned and direct to suitable assessments of learning. Finally they assist both educators and the students to monitor the progress.

Acquisition of Knowledge, Skills, and Values
The modern view of learning can be defined as construction of knowledge. Psychological research shows that most efficient learning occurs when the students create their own associations between the new information and the previous one. A person's earlier information about a point affects what and how he or she adapts new material; it can help or block new learning. Student’s earlier learning may incorporate fitting and improper originations or convictions. Compelling instructors see whether their understudies have inaccurate earlier information, for example, misguided judgments or generalizations, by surveying understudies; understanding when they start the course or unit. Educators address any mistaken learning by testing the misguided judgments straightforwardly. This is particularly vital in the physical, natural, and sociologies. Encounters with past understudies and the writing in the field additionally distinguish basic misguided judgments and generalizations

Problem Solving and Critical Thinking
Society and the employers in general expect graduates to be capable to apply the facts for problem solving and critical thinking. The skills are almost generally required in all of the careers. Critical thinking relies upon top to bottom learning of the train and the unique circumstance. Well-suited issue solvers produce definite and revise portrayals and individualized settings for issues that precisely speak to the situation. These portrayals and settings are profoundly particular as per the sorting out structures of that train. Great issue solvers utilize train particular procedural aptitudes Effective critical thinking draws on various procedures: choosing the proper methodology, applying this system to take care of the specific issue, and checking the achievement of that technique. These procedures are fundamental to effective critical thinking. The undertaking is to give understudies chances to learn and hone diverse techniques in various sorts of circumstances. Great issue solvers attempt another system when they find that the underlying strategy did not work; weaker issue solvers keep on applying a similar approach regardless of the possibility that it is not working.

7. In-depth Subject preparedness by instructors and its influence upon teaching-learning in classroom environments.

Classroom environments plays an important role in learning. Down to earth changes to the classroom environment can majorly affect making a positive learning knowledge. These progressions will upgrade understudies' prosperity and make a learning space in which the two understudies and educators can perform to the best of their capacity. The sound levels in your classroom significantly affect learning. ... Students dependably urge schools to check classroom temperature levels routinely. An open to working temperature and great supply of outside air will keep understudies alarm. Understudies will end up plainly lazy and lose focus in the event that they are too warm.

The environment of the classrooms are extremely significant for the teachers and for students. Everything from the colour of the walls to the arrangement of the desks and which sends impressions to the students and can be affect the way a student learns. The emotional environment also affect the environment of learning and how good a student receives the instruction.

Emotional Environment
Making a positive learning environment is needed for success in the classroom. Teachers must create a welcoming atmosphere where the student willing to share and feel safe. Teachers who uses humour in the classroom will also make more positive environments for the students. I think which will help them for listening and hence they can achieve a great success in the classroom.

Physical Environments
Making the physical environment of a classroom is strategically placing the desks, decorations, playing music and the students. Desks are arranged in a circle and which will give an impression for sharing, if coupled desks will work well as the workstations. The colour of the classroom walls and the decorations in the wall will also make impressions for the students and also for the teachers. Warm colours are welcoming and Light colour will open up the spaces.

Respectful Environments
Classrooms must be a space where the students feel respected and also feel their contributions matters. No one should be singled out or private in the classroom, all are equal. Each of the student must feel accepted, respected and wanted.

8. The traditional process of teaching-learning (teacher oriented) and the way education is managed


Education is important to the pace of social, economic, and political development of any nation. So effective teaching is very important. Efficient teaching is important since teaching is based on helping student progress from one level to another level in a high sociable cooperative environment and to get the approach true to get the students to be autonomous learners. Effectiveness does not mean that being good or wonderful performance but bringing the best in the students.

The traditional method relies mostly on the textbooks while the modern techniques relies on approach of hand on materials. In the traditional method, the presentation of material begins with the parts, then moves to the entire in the modern methods, the presentation of materials begins with the whole and then move on to the parts. Traditional ways highlights on the basis skills, whereas the modern way highlights on big ideas. With the traditions methods of teaching, evaluation can be seen as a different activity and which occurs through testing whereas with the modern techniques of teaching, evaluation can be seen as an activity which is integrated with the learning and teaching and which occurs via observations and portfolios.

The traditional methods of teaching are still being hold to in the schools as the following ways:

  • Teacher oriented classrooms
  • Chalk and talk methods
  • Teachers in the mode of knowledge distributor rather than like a facilitator
  • Lack of group learning and collaboration
  • Regimented classrooms
  • Improper alignment between activities, objectives and evaluation
  • More importance on examinations and the results rather than understanding of ideas and concepts
The following are the modern methods, which are used in education
  • Continuous comprehensive evaluation
  • Technology driven classrooms
  • Inquiry based learning
  • Cross Curricular connections
  • Linking the curriculum with life
  • Importance for understanding the ideas and concepts
  • Smart interactive boards
  • Importance for life skills, skill building and values
  • You can bring your own device in the classroom
  • Differential learning
  • Collaborative learning
  • Interdisciplinary learning
  • Activity based learning labs and learning
  • Digitisation in learning evaluation, feedback and teaching
  • Social responsibility and integrative and civic engagement
  • Differentiated instruction
  • Collaborative learning
  • Problem based learning
  • Flipped classroom

So totally, I think the modern education methods are good for the students for understanding the concepts and ideas about the lessons and which will make the students bright for their future.

9. Teaching-Learning process projected as the essence of instruction with the help of teaching-aids.


The teaching aids are the integral component in any of the classroom. The many advantages of teaching aids contain helping the learners to improve the reading comprehension skills, reinforcing or illustrating skills or concept, distinguishing instruction and reducing anxiety or boredom by presenting the information in a new and an exciting method. Teaching aids will also engage other senses of the students since there are no controls in what aids can be used while supplementing a lesson.

As the students are reading less and less as their own, teachers are finding reading understanding skills very low among the students today. Teaching aids are helpful for the teachers to close the hone and gap the reading understanding skills of the students. Using newspaper articles and magazines, printed aids and even comical books are practical for the teaching aids and which assist and help the students as the comprehend text.

Teaching aids show to be a frightening supplement for the teaching when then concept or reinforcement of a skill is necessary. Not only they do to allow the students more time to exercise, but they present the information in a method which offer the students in a differential way to connect with the material. Obviously this is significant in order to reach the different learning methods in the class.

As before mentioned, it is significant for the teachers to reach all of the learners in the classroom. So the use of teaching aids make ease this objective by helping teachers in different instruction. Using the aids like charts, graphs, videos, flashcards, gives learners with visual stimulation and the opportunity to access the content from a differential vintage point. This will give each of the learner the way to interact with the content in a way that allows to understand as simply. Teaching aids assist to make the learning environment as engaging and interesting. As we move towards more digital society, children are being uncovered to technology and digital devices at the younger age. iPods and video games are what is exciting to the students now, therefore they come to the school and they have small patience for the lecture style of teaching. Students are looking for constant excitement and merely have no tolerance for the boredom. Teaching aids are enhancing the quality of education in schools today and also giving students with the sense of excitement that they desire.

Teaching aids are becoming the standard in the classroom. As traditional classroom with chalk and blackboard become a thing for the past, and the smart classroom become the standard and teaching aids are growing in advancement and popularity. Blackboard are being changed with white and smart boards. Televisions are changed with LCD screens and projectors. The educators are becoming more focused on the students growing with the technology and incorporating it into the curriculum. Students are creating the videos, podcasts, and even making web quests. All of these are sounds teaching aids are integrate into the classroom.

10.Ways to Improvise Teaching-Learning process by acting as facilitators in classroom environments


A well-organised classroom is critical for efficient learning. A latest study shows that the environment in the classroom can affect the student’s academic and learning progress. So here I am going to discuss about how classroom environments affect learning. The environment of the classroom affect not only the students but also leads to inspirational teaching ways as well as learning styles.

Classroom Configuration
The dynamics of the classroom teaching is altering. With the opening of wireless devices, teachers are spend less time at the classroom and more time for interacting with the students and guiding them as more individual levels. As teaching become to change, the classroom wants to change too.

Think about how the classroom is look like. Sight lines and convenience to all areas are significant for both of the teacher and student. Well organised classrooms are also easy to access, giving both teachers and students a sense of rights for their space. Using the configuring furniture may help to create a constant changes in the classroom.

Review room temperature and acoustics
The sound levels of the classroom greatly influence on learning. You may have to minimise the background voice or amplify the voice of the teacher for creating the right sound. So you can adjust the levels of the sounds via baffle boards, flooring, notice boards or by using in soft seating.

A comfort working temperature and great supply of fresh air and which will help to keep the alert of students. Students will become sleepy and ,lose concentration if they feel too warm. So always have to check about the available windows are open and make sure about air/heating conditioning is controlled via thermostatically.

Focus about efficient learning
There is no alternative for natural light in a classroom, but the when the sunlight is limited, ensure that there is sufficient artificial light. Right lightening can prevent strain on eyes and help to keep the student alert. While choosing the light, think about how you can have to change the lighting for each of the learning experience.

Use classroom furniture carefully
The furniture of the classroom is highly significant to the whole learning experience. Students should be comfortable and ensure that the chairs are in the correct size and which will help to keep the students focused.

Great quality furniture will make sure that the classroom holds smarter for longer, and it is always good long-term value for money. So before going to purchase the furniture checking out the compliance and testing them as standard.

Innovative storage for efficient learning
Storage can make all of the varieties in a classroom design. Use of storage will help to keep the classroom is free from disorder and helps the students to take pride in the classroom. There is a lot of proof to say that when the students must able to see the work on the walls, minimum of 20% of space of the wall must keep as free. There are some greatly innovative storage solutions in the market, like wall units for building the exact classroom specifications. Fixed storage behind the closed doors will also help to keep the classroom as tidy, save space and reduce distraction.

Practical changes in the environment of the classroom may have great influence on creating a good learning experience. The changes will improve the wellbeing of students and make a learning space in both of the teachers and students for performing the best based on their ability.

11. Different ways to improve teaching-learning Process and to assess its impact upon student community


The greatest challenge that the teacher faces is capturing the attention of the students and putting the ideas that it stays with them long after they have left in the classroom. For this to make, the experience in the classroom must be redefined and inventive ideas which make the teaching methods more efficient must be implemented.

The following are some of the innovative ideas and which will help the teachers to reinvent the teaching styles and which will help to make the classes are interesting.

Move from projects to project based learning:
Most of the teachers have done projects, but the most of them does not use the defined set of ways, which are associated with high quality of project-based learning. These ways may include developing a focused question, using solid, well organised performance assessments, allowing for number of solutions, enlisting the community resources, and selecting engaging, meaningful themes for the projects. Project based learning offers the good method that we have presenting the combining the inquiry with accountability and must be the part of each of the teacher’s repertoire.

Teach Concepts, not facts:
Concept based education overcomes the fact based nature of standardized curriculum. If the curriculum is not arranged conceptually, use your own resources and knowledge to teach the ideas and help for deep understanding not the test items.

Differentiate concepts from critical information:
Preparing the students for the test is the part of the job. However, if they have information for more significant reason: To innovative, they have to know something. The craft lead the art. Find the correct blend between the direct instruction and open ended inquiry.

Make skills as significant as knowledge:
21st century skills and innovations are closely related. Select number of 21st century skills like critical thinking or collaboration, to focus on through the year. Inspire them into lessons. Use detailed rubrics to consider and mark the skills.

Form teams, not groups:
Development now rises up out of groups and systems—and we can instruct understudies to work all things considered and turn out to be better aggregate scholars. Gathering work is normal, yet collaboration is uncommon. A few hints: Use particular techniques to shape groups; evaluate collaboration and hard working attitude; encourage great cooperation through conventions and investigate; instruct the cycle of update; and anticipate that understudies will consider fundamentally both progressing work and last items.

Use thinking tools:
Number of interesting, thought irritating tools exist for thinking through the issues, sharing insights, finding the solutions and cheering divergent tools.

Use creativity tools :
The industry used a group of cutting edge tools for stimulating the innovation and creativity.

Reward discovery:
Innovation is forcefully depressed by the arrangement of appraisal, which compensates the dominance of known data. Venture up the reward framework by utilizing rubrics with a clear segment to recognize and compensate advancement and innovativeness. I call it the Breakthrough section.

Make reflection part of the lesson:
On account of the scope basic, the propensity is to proceed onward rapidly from the last part and start the following section. Yet, reflection is important to stay learning and animate further considering and comprehension. There is no advancement without rumination.

Be innovative yourself:
This is the key point, because the innovation needs the willingness to fail, a focus on unclear outcomes rather than the standard measures and the courage to resist the emphasis of system on strict accountability. However, the reward is way of beneficial creativity which makes teaching fun and exciting, engages the students and more critical, and helps the students to find the resources and passion need to design a good life for themselves and others.

12. How can teaching and learning process concretely be enhanced?


The following are some of the methods of technology, which can help to satisfy the goal of the learner oriented classroom.

  • Shift the balance of power towards the learner: Interactive online assignments can help encourage the exchange of energy and give understudies chances to work on acing the material at their own pace. The advances that help these exercises could incorporate wikis, online tests, and websites and discourse sheets.
  • Use the content to organize the activities
  • Think of teaching as facilitating learning
  • Responsibility for learning rests with the learner
  • Evaluation provides a way to foster learning

Despite the fact that he concedes that incorporating innovation takes a decent measure of forthright time as far as moving beyond the expectation to absorb information and picking the right innovation to help each learning objective, Shipley says the result is a more drew in classroom and enhanced understudy learning.

13. Measure to be taken to make sure active community engagement in teaching-learning process


The consistent community engagement and involvement at levels of the school have been exposed repeatedly to have important long term and short term benefits.

According to national education association, the recent policy shows that when schools, families, parents and communities work together to maintain learning. Students tends to earn high grades, go to school more frequently, stay in school longer and enrol in high level programs.

With these significant advantages in mind, it is clear that the focus on increasing community engagement opportunities and programs must be a consistent objective for your school.

Volunteering is one of the most popular and common ways to improve community engagement in schools. Connect with the civic organizations, local businesses, non profit foundations, charities and other groups in the community to enlist the volunteers to come in previously during or after the day in the school.

Volunteering can come in number of forms and shapes. Invite the local individuals and leaders in the community to visit the classes and speak on the selected profession for career day. Improving the community members to get concerned by volunteering with the enhancement opportunities after and before school like fine arts, tutoring and athletic teams.

Not every of the organization, family, individual or business in the community is going to have the capacity or time to attend in person and on-premise the opportunities of volunteer. This why it is significant to also prior to community engagement and involvement in the form of donation programs and sponsorship.

Does the school want a restaurant to give food for field day of the year? Do the teachers want a smart boards or iPads to engage the students with the new technologies? Does an extracurricular team or club want supplies equipment or uniforms?

Create and publicize donation and sponsorship needs throughout the community, to give local businesses and organizations for the opportunities to collaborate with the school.

14. How to make teaching and learning relevant to students and why it’s crucial to their success?


How can you make the learning relevant in the classroom? Do you have an idea about the classroom activities that work well for the students? What is the lesson for the teachers who need students to successfully retain, grasp and apply new material? First, you have to recruit the interest of the students. Then the teachers want to find out the ways of making the learning activities as authentic, relevant, and valuable in the lives of the students. Here I am going to point out some of the activities for the students to make the teaching and learning activities are relevant.

  • Teach students about how to utilise the social media to exhibit learning, drive change and engage in conversations.
  • Allow the students to do the work of the real world with their own devices which will improves the learning and increases the productivity of the students and allows them to do any research
  • Make maker spaces for the students, so they can learn, play and fail.
  • Make spaces and environments of real world for the students which includes coffee carafes, charging stations, couches and games.
  • Open a virtual and blending learning options to personalize the learning for the students.

15. Do the Higher Education Institutions implement different theories related to teaching-learning contexts and evaluate the same?


Evaluation is consider as the integral part of the education process in the faculty of medical and health sciences. All of the academic communities must operate a plan do evaluate act cycle to make sure that high quality, well targeted learning and teaching opportunities.

Evaluation can be defines as the systematic method to collecting, giving and using the information about the educational program or course to find out the nature, efficiency and quality of the learning and teaching in that course program.

An educational curriculum must continually create in response to the wants of the students, society, and institution. Evaluation is need to make sure that ongoing relevance, balance, coherence and progression within the curriculum. In addition, the evaluation procedure gives an evidence base or subsequent decision-making and judgement on revision and development of curriculum.

There are many uses of evaluation. Evaluation can be conceptualized in terms of teaching and learning and curriculum, assessment and policy. The focus for the evaluation is centred on the curriculum, either in its maintenance or development and learning and teaching. Though, the evaluation can be used to find assessment strategies and tools and find faculty in curriculum.

Purposes of Evaluation
Curriculum

  • To make easy curriculum development
  • To make ensure that the curriculum outcomes are achieved
  • To inform the effective allocation of learning and teaching resources
  • To make sure that the course is of acceptable standard
Teaching and Learning
  • To make sure that the teaching is meeting student’s learning wants
  • To identify areas where teaching can be improved/modified
  • To give encouragement and feedback to faculty and teachers
  • To support the application for career development and promotion
Assessment
  • To assess the results of assessments
  • To evaluate the use of assessment tool and development
  • To monitor the appropriateness of assessment methods
Policy
  • To find out future faculty education policy
  • To improve the instilling education and standards
  • To give surveillance of program/course
  • To facilitate efficient and effective management of a program/course